Breaking down the 4 step APPROACH into parts that translate into ACTION:Pūʻā Foundation places special emphasis on connecting trauma, healing and justice. A cornerstone of our work is the Trauma-Informed Care/Creating Places of Healing Framework. 1) Trauma, 2) Recovery, 3) Action, 4) Healing – is placed within that framework.Creating safe places and spaces of healing, incorporating a trauma informed approach and sharing stories related to trauma, whether it be on an individual, community or historical level, to contribute to one’s own healing and recovery journey are key elements contributing to positive change.
Individual – Individual trauma results from an event, series of events, or set of circumstances that is experienced by an individual as physically or emotionally harmful or threatening and that has lasting adverse effects on the individual’s functioning and physical, social, emotional, or spiritual well-being.
Community– Trauma does not occur in a vacuum. Individual trauma occurs in a context of community, whether the community is defined geographically as in neighborhoods; virtually as in a shared identity, ethnicity, or experience; or organizationally, as in a place of work, learning, or worship. How a community responds to individual trauma sets the foundation for the impact of the traumatic event, experience, and effect. Communities that provide a context of understanding and support self-determination may facilitate the healing and recovery process for the individual.
Historical – another perspective on trauma and communities is the understanding that communities as a whole can also experience trauma. Just as with the trauma of an individual or family, a community may be subjected to a community-threatening event, have a shared experience of the event, and have an adverse prolonged effect. Whether the result of a natural disaster (e.g. a flood, a hurricane or an earthquake) or an event or circumstances inflicted by one group on another (e.g. usurping homelands, forced relocation, servitude, or mass incarceration). The resulting trauma is often transmitted from one generation to the next in a pattern often referred to as historical, community, or intergenerational trauma.
6 Key Principles of a Trauma-Informed Approach 1) Safety
2) Trustworthiness and Transparency
3) Peer support
4) Collaboration and mutuality
5) Empowerment, voice and choice
6) Cultural, Historical, and Gender Issues.
Communities are often profoundly shaped by their trauma histories. Making sense of the trauma experience and telling the story of what happened using the language and framework of the community is an important step toward healing community trauma. This also applies to Individual healing and recovery.
Telling Stories – Connecting To One’s own Healing Journey
Pūʻā Foundation has developed the UA MAU KE EA Collection – a textbook, historical documentary and theatrical version as community educational resources. The Collection is used as a teaching tool for capacity building and training within the context of sharing stories related to historical/community trauma and connecting people today with application to their own healing journey. It is offered to support community learning for families, students, teachers, pastors, lay people, business professionals, counselors, kamaʻaina, malahini, anyone.
The Foundation provides many opportunities to share stories of trauma and transformation. In addition to utilizing UA MAU KE EA, another example is the “Voices From The Inside” a network of formerly incarcerated women in transition back to community that were part of a creative writing class and presentation group while at the Women’s Community Correctional Center.
Puʻuhonua / Creating Places of Healing Model
Pu`uhonua / Creating Places of Healing Model –
Sets forth to create a place to live a forgiven life, a place for transformation,
a place that nurtures healing within the individual, family, and community.
Puʻuhonua – is as a place of refuge, sanctuary, asylum, place of peace and safety. (Pukui, 1986; Andrews, 2003). In the context of Hawaiian history and the ancient “kapu” system, pu`uhonua was a place, lands or person that was sacrosanct. For those who had broken a “kapu” (violated a law) and reached the pu`uhonua, they were saved. In times of war, noncombatants and defeated warriors sought the sanctity of a pu`uhonua, to be saved from death. (Kamakau, 1991).
Trauma-Informed Care Framework – As a concept, is one way to create a supportive and comprehensively integrated environment. It provides a way to understand trauma and its effects on all people, to recognize some of the central issues at the root of a person’s beliefs and behaviors, and to develop programs based on this knowledge about trauma.
Mind – Body – Spirit – Place Perspective – Takes into account the healing, health, and well-being of the whole person. It addresses all of oneself – MIND, BODY, and SPIRIT, as well as a connection to the PLACE where the person is.
S-P-A-C-E – Refers to S – Staff; P – Programs; A – Administration; C – Community; and E – Environment – using a community building and organizing strategy to operational the model and framework to work toward individual and community healing and well-being.
Pūʻā Foundation led, managed and coordinated the Trauma Informed Care Initiative at the Women’s Correctional Center, Family Court and the Office of Youth Services of which this work has emerged. Those efforts continue and are growing.